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High Blood Pressure , Signs and Symptoms

Updated: Apr 4, 2023


Blood Pressure is also known as “HYPERTENSION” where the pressure of blood pushes the walls of arteries in opposite directions against the arteries. Arteries are part of the cardiovascular system and are a type of blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to other parts of the human body. This causes your heart to pump harder to circulate the blood. Over time your heart may become weak and still which leads to improper blood circulation and faulty valves.



The normal range specifies the number of less than 120 mmHg in Systolic and diastolic mmHg less than 80. if the range falls in this category. just focus on heart-healthy habits followed by a balanced diet and regular Exercise.


This range is when the readings fall from 120-129 mmHg in systolic and less than 80mmHg in diastolic. This could be the higher range when people should start taking precautions and medication.

Stage 1 (Hypertension)

This range is when blood pressure in systolic ranging from 130-139mmHgLess than 80-89mmHg diastolic. At this stage, you need to be more conscious about your health and consult a doctor to prescribe medication & healthy diet.

Stage 2 (Hypertension)

This stage is likely to be seen as a serious stage. When your reading of blood pressure lies in the range of 140mmHg or higher in systolic and 90mmHg or higher in diastolic. This stage is the sensitive stage where you need to have a health check-up and require a diagnosis and after the process, if the ratings are still the same you need to consult a doctor.

Hypertension (crises) – 

If the rating is higher than 180 mmHg systolic, higher than 120mmHg diastolic then you are experiencing the possibility of organ damage such as shortness of breath, chest pain, numbness, weakness, back pain, and vision difficulty.


If we talk about the symptoms usually there is no such accurate indication but you need to be careful about the health conditions and diet.

If the blood pressure is extremely high or the range have reached last stage you may experience the following difficulties

·       Nose Bleeding                                  

·       Fatigue or confusion

·       Shortness of breath

·       Vision difficulty

·       Chest pain

·       Irregular heartbeat

·        Blood discharge in urine


Blood pressure usually develops over time in the human body. It can happen through depressed life, an unhealthy lifestyle, and irregular physical activities, and certain conditions like diabetes and obesity can increase the chances of blood pressure.

Major criteria

·       Food with a maximum intake of salt and fats

·       Hormonal changes

·       Family or blood relations could be a major cause.

How do I control blood pressure?

Most people with high blood pressure can control their blood pressure to normal by taking preventative measures and decreasing the number of ranges by making changes from a normal lifestyle to a healthy lifestyle.

Some of the healthy habits you need to focus on are as follows:

  • Daily exercise

  • Quit smoking

  • Healthy diet with less sodium

  • Manage weight

  • Stress management


Why blood pressure is a “SILENT KILLER”

It usually doesn’t have any warning signs or accurate symptoms and most of the time is not noticeable. In this case, you need to have a health check-up so that you can take preventive measures. If you find any of the symptoms given above you need to consult a doctor and take proper medication to save one life


Top 10 food items to lower blood pressure

  • Berries

  • Red beet

  • Skim milk

  • Yogurt

  • Oats

  • Bananas

  • Seeds

  • Salmon and fish with omega-3s

  • Fresh fruits

  • Green beans

Top 10 food items to avoid for blood pressure

  • Sodium (salt)

  • Frozen food

  • Pickles

  • Canned foods

  • Alcohol

  • Bread

  • Processed food

  • Ketchup

  • Peanut butter

  • Saturated fats

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