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know about diabetes, its signs, and symptoms

Updated: Apr 4, 2023


Do you know what is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic health problem when it affects the body the food turns into energy and the human body breaks down and separates most of the food into glucose (sugar)which flows into the bloodstream when the human body’s blood sugar goes high it gives a signal to the pancreas to release insulin.

Types of Diabetes:

Type 1

Diabetes is also called an autoimmune disease, which means the immune system of the body attacks and harms the beta cells in the human pancreas that produces insulin and the damage is permanent.

Type 2

It is a medical condition where the amount of glucose raise in the bloodstream here in type 2 your body finds it difficult to respond to insulin and may not be able to produce insulin.


This diabetes is very high blood sugar at the time of gestational diabetes. if you are gestational diabetic during your pregnancy, it does mean you had diabetes before or after but it may raise the risk of diabetes.


The symptoms depend on the human body specially pre-diabetic or type 2 diabetic

  • Feeling more thirsty

  • Losing weight

  • Often urinating

  • Often feeling tired or weak

  • Mood swings & feeling irritation

  • Often getting infections like skin, and vaginal.

  • Blurry vision

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes

  • Extreme appetite

  • Increase in thirst

  • Often feeling tired

  • Blurry vision

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes

  • Extreme appetite

  • Often urination

  • Sore are blow to the heart

  • Tiredness

Symptoms of gestational diabetes

Most people don’t develop gestational diabetes and don’t have any such symptoms. The condition is detected during a regular blood sugar test which usually performs between the 24th and 28th week of pregnancy.

Causes of diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

There is no such exact cause of type 1 diabetes, for some reason it may be through a weak immune system

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a combination of genes, and lifestyle & having overweight can increase the risk too.


it occurs as the result of hormonal imbalance during pregnancy and during this period the cells and sensitive and high in condition to affect insulin overweight during pregnancy and more likely to get gestational diabetes.

Risk factors for diabetes:

Type1 diabetes

The type of diabetes is more likely to get in teenage or children and some of the diseases are carried through genes.


  • Heart & blood vessels disease

  • Nerve damage

  • Kidney damage

  • Eye damage

  • Limb damage

  • Sensitive condition (skin, mouth)

Note: chances of pregnancy are high

Diabetes 2 risk factors

Some of the risk factors

  • Obese can be the main risk.

  • Fat distribution rather than thighs & hips can be a sign of risk.

  • Laziness & in-activeness can lead to high risk due to sensitive cells and may cause obese

  • An increase in blood lipid level

  • The age risk of diabetes 2 at the age of 45


Pre-diabetes is a serious condition where glucose levels are higher than typical, but not sufficiently high yet to be analyzed as type 2 diabetes.


It will be the same as diabetes 1 but then there will be

  • Slow healing process

  • Hearing problem

  • Sleep apnea

  • Dementia

Prevention of diabetes

  • Healthy diet

  • Exercise regularly

  • Control weight

  • Inactive for a long period

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